The word ‘Tsu’ means harbor and the word ‘Nami’ means waves in Japanese dialect. When these two lingual words alloy together it forms the word ‘TSUNAMI’.
‘World Tsunami Awareness Day’ was broached by Japan. The people of Japan had bitter experiences in their past history with the worst hits of the tsunami. In the year 2015, the General Assembly of the United Nations designated November the 5th as the day for awareness of tsunami. They proposed to promote it as a global culture.
From the past few years, ‘The Seven Sendai Campaign’ has 7 targets for 7 years starting from 2016-2022 (each year a new target). This year’s target is to build up the substantiality of risk reduction strategies by increasing awareness in different countries and their locals.
EARTHQUAKE – When the continental/tectonic plates slide in vertical movement beneath the ocean beds. A tsunami occurs when the earth’s surface ruptures and causes displacement of water and brings a magnitude of 6.5.
LANDSLIDE – A landslide occurs when a large amount of coastal floor and the soil material loosened, slides into the sea, or the ocean. This process disturbs the water pushing it violently in the resulting tsunami.
VOLCANIC ERUPTION – They are relatively infrequent in bringing of the tsunami. When the hot lava gushes with extreme force it causes an impulsive disturbance to the earth’s surface with a displacement of a huge amount of water.
CELESTIAL COLLISION – It is a rare occurrence. Scientists have realized with their study from ancient history. When any extra-terrestrials bodice collides with the ocean surface it causes a large displacement of water cause in bringing the tsunami.
GEOLOGICAL FAULTS – When there is a displacement of the original planes results in fracturing and causing movements in the rocks. The plutonic adjustment occurs in the rock beds and the crust of the earth brings the tsunami to the origin.
• When an earthquake happens always go to the open space drop on the ground and cover yourself. Hold tight onto something.
• To escape the tsunami one should at least maintain 2 miles distance from the sea. Go to the high and far space from the sea or oceans. Stay away from buildings and bridges.
• Always follow the news and stay tuned with radio and podcast about the emergency from the local authorities.
• Be ready with an escape emergency preparedness kit.
• Don’t return to the local site until the local official gives permission.
• Train yourself to provide First aid to those who are injured and in need.
CONCLUSION – Let, us all be ‘open-minded’ and ‘broad-eared’ about the observations around. Awareness is all about educating ourselves and others about the prevention and effects. Let us all plan and practice evacuation drills in our own surroundings. We can raise funds and support organizations to help the victims of the tsunami and other natural disasters. Let us not just be a frog of the well rather let us try to become a live forming creature of the vast planet Earth!