World Diabetes Day is celebrated on 14th November every year globally. It has its own official and the particular logo that is represented by a ‘Blue Circle’. This was adopted in the year 2007 after the approval of the United Nations Resolution. This logo implies and brings the significance of the diabetic epidemic that has infested and suffered by all the community and cosmopolitan.
In simple and plain sailing words Diabetes is a disorder of blood sugar and blood glucose present in a person’s blood at a high level. It changes the ability and brings impairment of producing and responding to the hormone insulin.
Diabetes is of two types. One is type-1 diabetes and later is type-2 diabetes. However, both diabetes has almost the same symptoms and are ruling and highly risky. But, type-1 diabetes is considered to be more dangerous as the body becomes incapable of producing insulin internally. The body becomes dependent on external sources of insulin.
The symptoms of diabetes are as follows:
• Frequent feeling of urination
• Extreme level of hunger
• Increase in thirst
• Blurry visions
• Slow healing of sores
• Infection prone skin mostly in gums, vaginal infection, and skin
• Presence of ketone while urinating
Diabetes leads to malfunctioning of blood vessels in the kidney and leads to kidney disease. Diabetes also leads to high blood pressure that damages the kidney.
Due to the damage of blood vessels in the eyes, swelling in the tissues, and changes in fluid level diabetic patients can get eye disease.
The nerve that controls the blood vessels and heart can cause stroke and heart disease.
When the small blood vessels change it reduces the circulation of blood and brings skin conditions. Diabetic patients are more inclined of getting infections and skin infections.
The small blood vessels that nourish nutrients and oxygen to the nerves can be damaged by diabetic neuropathy.
When the blood flow reduces in the veins and cannot reach the feet, it causes the damage resulting in foot problems.
Genitals and bladder when start receiving less quantity of blood it results in causing bladder and sexual problems.
Food that contains a high quantity of starch and sugar causes plague in the mouth. This plague results in tooth decay, bad breath, gum disease, and dental problems.
FOLLOWING OF MEASURABLE PREVENTIONS FOR DIABETES:
Sugar and refined carbs should be cut out from the diet.
Having and maintaining the work-out schedule on a regular basis.
Nothing is more important than water being the primitive beverage.
Maintaining a balanced weight according to body height.
No consumption of alcohol and puff of smoking should be the mantra.
Carbohydrate intake should be low with avoiding large portions of the food.
The sedentary behavior of the personality should be stopped.
Intake and optimization of food that are rich in fiber and Vitamin D for the body is a must.
CONCLUSION – According to the World Health Organization’s report on diabetes, it is demonstrated that 422 million adults are suffering since 1980. Around 8.8% of the adult population are sufferers of diabetes. By the year 2045, it can rise to10%.
WORLD DIABETES DAY 2020 has a theme and as always and this year’s theme is ‘The Nurse and Diabetes’. Medical condition and emergence is no leg-pulling boffola for the people living in this time. And for the term diabetes, it is a serious problem that the world is dealing with.
This year’s campaign is all about the awareness of the crucial and important role played by the ‘nurses’ and ‘medical staff’. They are a supporting system for diabetic people. People living with diabetes and different risk-full diseases are in need of a wide range of health concerns.
Nurses are a vital, equipped, and skillful moral as well as physical support for humans. As the number of diabetic patients is rising, simultaneously the increase of nurses and other professional staff is vital. With their right expertise, they can manage the impact and make differences in the condition.